Struck-By Accidents and Prevention

In struck-by accidents, workers are hit by vehicles, or falling/flying objects
The reported accidents indicate that the main causes are:-
• Accidents with site equipment or vehicles, these include excavators, dumpers and other site vehicles.
• High-pressure hoses becoming detached from compressors etc.
• Falling loads from cranes, truck Hiab’s etc.
• Tools or materials dropped from height (Causes are often tools and equipment dropped from scaffolding or from MEWPS.

Deaths in the UK from struck-by accidents accounted for around 10% of deaths; these can be prevented with Risk Management and Assessment and by following general rules such as:-

Designated roadways and barriers, sign posted and visible routes for not only site traffic but pedestrians.
Trained banksmen in high traffic/loading and unloading areas.
Tool box talks to all staff on using roadways and designated pedestrian pathways.
Use of safety mechanisms to stop compressor hoses from flailing.
Trained staff/banksmen to ensure loads are safe, the use of coded and calibrated chains and slings for crane use.
Correct and safe working loads understood when using excavators to move items such as trench boxes etc
Scaffolding tags and inspection of scaffolding before use, ensuring that toe boards are in place.
Train staff/tool box talks, toe boards to not be removed .
Tools tied using lanyards/rope when using mobile work platforms etc.

Slinging and load management:

Slinger/Signaller must assess all loads for size, shape, weight, and the Centre of Gravity
The correct lifting tackle must be selected to match the load type and size.
Ensure all lifting accessories are clearly identifiable with the SWL (safe working load) clearly marked and if required colour coded.
All accessories must have a current thorough examination certificate and copies held on site.
All accessories must be inspected before use; any damaged items to be taken out of service and removed.
Accessories must be securely attached and the SWL must not be exceeded, the lifting vehicle, crane or excavator for example to have the SWL clearly marked.
Only trained and competent persons to sling and unsling all loads
Chains and ropes must not have joints or knots, and under no circumstances should equipment not made for the purpose used.
All lifts under constant supervision and control of qualified Slinger/Signaller who should wear a coloured HI-Vis vest or jacket that clearly identifies him.

Risk Assessments should be carried out by the site safety management.

Article on Site Risk Identification checklists HERE

For Health and Safety documents visit our sister website HERE